Unlike many previous engagements, the destruction of the first Iraqi tanks did not result in a mass surrender. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. Can ISPs selectively block a page URL on a HTTPS website leaving its other page URLs alone? Retreating Persian ships were befouled by the approaching second and third lines who were advancing to the line of battle. Some of the Ghibellines were sent to a ford a few miles away and crossed to attack the Guelfs from the rear. What does the term "svirfnebli" mean, and how is it different to "svirfneblin"? Destroyed Iraqi civilian and military vehicles on the Highway of Death. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995. Mongols left a narrow gap to let the enemy flee, so they would be easily killed during the escape. Thank you for your feedback. Not answering the question is fine, as long as you convincingly make the case for the. Did medieval commanders exchange words before battle? The French were Sherman Medium Tank 1942–1945. The war tactic contrasts the much older attrition tactic where wars were won based on which army incurred the least losses. I am shocked you can't find any examples of it.. Look up nearly every mongol battle during that time period and you will find examples of flanking attacks. Was any significant percentage of Mongol army infantry? Other units may be hidden to the sides of the ambush site to surround the enemy, b… Mid battle the French lead another charge and the English led a simultaneous charge accompanied by a flanking manuvoure led by de Buch. ISBN 0-85496-113-5. After staggering casualties, the force along with the king surrendered the following morning. Flanking is useful because a force's offensive power is concentrated in its front. At whose expense is the stage of preparing a contract performed? Where is the antenna in this remote control board? This maneuver seeks to force the enemy to react and give battle on unfavourable terms for fear of being cut off from supplies or communications. Do I have to lower the foot and needle when my sewing machine is not in use? And, also, how each bn attack fitted into the higher level scheme. Rawalpindi. Allied numbers at the battle vary depending on the account; 73,000, 84,000, or 85,000 are other figures often present in the literature. Another example of the double envelopment is Khalid ibn al-Walid's victory over the Persian Empire at the Battle of Walaja. forces right into the French line. p. 25 gives 73,000. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Example – Many technology firms like AMD vs Intel, Apple vs Microsoft, and others operate on the basis of Flank attack. Having turned back the flank of his enemy, Caesar now found his own open flank, which he used to route the army of Pompey.[7][8]. The main article for this category is Military tactics. [6], Anticipating a turning of his flank, Caesar had hidden a line of reserves in this area. If a flanking maneuver succeeds, the opposing force would be surrounded from two or more directions, which significantly reduces the maneuverability of the outflanked force and its ability to defend itself. How accurately could ancient soldiers/commanders maneuver during battles. In 216 BC Hannibal accomplished one of the most famous flanking maneuvers of all history at the Battle of Cannae. Presumably you meant you cannot find any good examples. Using a double flanking maneuver known as a Pincer movement, Hannibal managed to surround and kill nearly the entirety of a larger Consular Roman Army. Do I keep my daughter's Russian vocabulary small or not? I know that flanking maneuvers are often considered devastating in battles but I can find any good examples of this tactic being decisive or even important in a medieval battle. As they couldn’t exactly just go up to them and tell them about it, they decided that the best way to do it was printing it on matchbooksand airdropping them behind enemy lines. Also, there should be an added section for examples from the Civil War; arguably the most famous flank attack in history was Jackson's flanking march and then attack late in the afternoon of May 2, 1863 at the Battle of Chancellorsville. Kaye, C.A. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. They were therefore unable to retreat, resupply, or be reinforced. The Role of the Historical Example a 4. Flanking maneuvers played an important role in nearly every major battle in history, and have been used effectively by famous military leaders like Hannibal, Julius Caesar, Khalid ibn al-Walid,[1] Napoleon, Saladin, Nader Shah, William Tecumseh Sherman and Stonewall Jackson throughout history. as many soldiers attempted to flee the field.". Cambridge: CUP. Offhand, I can think of the Battle of Tagliacozzoa, 23 August 1268. The French invasion in late September and early October caught the Austrians unprepared and severed their lines of communication. How can a monster infested dungeon keep out hazardous gases? Chandler, David G. The Campaigns of Napoleon. The Nest in the Altar or Reminiscences of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 reprinted by Chapter Two, London in 1999, ISBN 1-85307-123-4. By 1400 hours, the Allied army had been dangerously separated. Twentieth Century Battlefields: The Gulf War, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=Hdt.+toc, http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/455221/Battle-of-Pharsalus, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Historical_examples_of_flanking_maneuvers?oldid=4524493. The art is by Joey. Originally, the Schlieffen Plan for invasion of France by Germany called for a force of 1.36 million troops in a "scythe-sweep" through Belgium and into France toward Paris [21][22] The eventual force deployed by Helmuth von Moltke the Younger in 1914 totaled instead, 970,000 troops. It only takes a minute to sign up. site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. French numbers at the battle vary depending on the account; 65,000, 67,000, 73,000, or 75,000 are other figures often present in the literature. ISBN 0-02-523660-1. p. 816. Why are good absorbers also good emitters? In 216 BC Hannibal accomplished one of the most famous flanking maneuvers of all history at the Battle of Cannae. Frederick sends some troops to engage the Austrian right flank, and soon he and his troops had vanished. Fearful of encirclement, the cohesion of the French army disintegrated [9] As Trevor Dupuy put it: Ulm was not a battle; it was a strategic victory so complete and so overwhelming that the issue was never seriously contested in tactical combat. Historical Examples: Five Concrete Cases 5. Can anyone point me to a good instance? in French? As military historian Theodore Ayrault Dodge wrote: Few battles of ancient times are more marked by ability ... than the battle of Cannae. At the Battle of Mughar Ridge and Battle of Megiddo they were outflanked, while at the Battle of Magdhaba and Battle of Beersheba they were surrounded. The Iraqis resisted fiercely from dug-in positions and stationary vehicles, and even mounted armored charges. Michael Howard, The Franco Prussian War ISBN 0-415-26671-8. One major element in the debate is the use of the term “ maneuver warfare” and its corresponding association with the Wehrmacht. Before and during WW2, how were war games played? The First World War began with one of the largest flanking maneuvers in military history, both in terms of the strength of the forces in the field as well as the vast geographic area through which they were deployed. Mid battle the French lead another charge and the English led a simultaneous charge accompanied by a flanking manuvoure led by de Buch. After his defeat, Pompey fled to Egypt, and the battle marked the effective end of the Wars of the First Triumvirate. What does the ^ character mean in sequences like ^X^I? Was frequent bathing for personal hygiene in medieval Europe common or not? While the First World War saw the introduction of large scale mechanization in modern warfare, the lack of tactical experience of the commanders and the technical limitations of the weapon systems greatly limited their usefulness. Once the allies had penetrated deep into Iraqi territory, they turned eastward, launching a flank attack against the elite Republican Guard before it could escape. Naturally his troops did like wise. To narrow the scope: What scale of battle are you considering (major battles, skirmishes or anything in between)? Initial deployment and Roman attack (in red). flanking definition: 1. present participle of flank 2. to be at the side of someone or something: . [14][15], The engagement resulted in the final exit of Austria from the war, and the expulsion of the Russian Army from the continental war. Frederick the Great was fighting Austria in the 7 Years' War, and found himself with an army of 36,000 at Leuthen. The Guelf and Ghibelline forces were separated by a bridge over a river. A classic example is Hannibal's victory over the Roman armies at the Battle of Cannae. The rest of the army lay on the opposing shores of the Adriatic, unable to aid their comrades. The matchboo… Did a forged seal ever seriously compromise a political or military operation? German Strategy and the Path to Verdun: Erich Von Falkenhayn and the Development of Attrition, 1870–1916. Tactics should be distinguished from military strategy , which is concerned with the overall means and plan for achieving a long-term outcome, and operational art , an intermediate level in which the aim is to convert the strategy into tactics. During the second Persian invasion of Greece, after great losses at the Battle of Thermopylae and the Battle of Artemisium, the Greeks once again brought the Persians to blows in the Battle of Salamis in the year 480 BC. During the battle Alexander with his cavalry was able to break through Darius's left flank and them come at the center of the Persian battle line from behind. [1] Flanking is useful because a force's offensive power is concentrated in its front. Hungarians started to win the battle against Batu, but once Subutai forces arrived from the side, panic in hungarian army forcing them to retreat to the camp. [24], The eventual outcome of this strategy was the Race to the Sea, where a series of flanking attempts by both sides resulted in an unbroken line stretching from Switzerland in the south to the North Sea in the north. @LangLangC your right I've added a more salient example. The advances made by the Germans, and the disposition of all troops from 1 to 14 September. David G. Chandler, The Campaigns of Napoleon. One type is employed in an ambush, where a friendly unit performs a surprise attack from a concealed position. Hart, Peter (2004) The Somme: The darkest hour on the Western Front. UK: Osprey Publishing. Conversely, Caesar's own army, due to his blocked crossing of the Adriatic Sea, had been cut in half as well as cut off from their supply lines. High Exarch Turalyon says: If you cover our retreat, we may just see this through. How could I say "Okay? The defeat sent the Roman Republic into complete disarray [4] and remains a singular example of outstanding tactical leadership. p. 417 gives 85,000. Zaloga, Steven (1993). Longer titles found: Historical examples of flanking maneuvers searching for Flanking maneuver 137 found (202 total) alternate case: flanking maneuver. The Greek fleet numbered 378 triremes while the Persian may have numbered more than four times that. Battle of Altenkirchen (345 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article Frederick Augustus of Württemberg. British Mark V Tank. Fletcher, David (2011). Paratroopers of the American 82nd Airborne Division in vehicles along with the French 6th Light Armoured Brigade moved up the flanks. In the aftermath of the battle, Xerxes retreated to Asia with the majority of his army. Fought between the Greeks led by Alexander the Great, and the Persians lead by Darius III. History Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for historians and history buffs. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. THE PRINCIPLES OF WAR 6. The ground campaign of Desert Storm during the 1991 Gulf War was characterised by the flanking attack of the Coalition forces, the massive "left hook" which avoided the Iraqi forces dug in along the Kuwait–Saudi border; but instead swept past them in the west. Was the Italian campaign a strategic mistake? This reduces the ability of the outflanked force to move or defend itself. The Battle of Issus It is pre-medieval, But the tactics and technology would have been similar. The whole battle, from the Carthaginian standpoint, is a consummate piece of art, having no superior, few equal, examples in the history of war. In military tactics, a flanking maneuver, or flanking manoeuvre (also called a flank attack), is an attack on the sides of an opposing force. Although a spirited resistance movement continued in France for some time, these effectively ended large scale fighting for the rest of the war. The Ulm Campaign of September to October 1905 saw Napoleon Bonaparte engage in a month long maneuver aimed at severing Austrian lines and eventually capturing an entire Austrian Army. I'm interested in better understanding medieval military tactics. Military orthodoxy [specify] believes that with some exceptions, most battles between established armies have historically been fought based on an attrition warfare strategy. Also, the siege of Metz was a siege, not a flank attack or maneuver. If a flanking maneuver succeeds, the opposing force would be surrounded or have to fight from two or more directions. No doubt those textbooks would mention use of flanking attacks and no doubt "Byzantine" generals often used flanking attacks. So Tagliacozzo is NOT an example of flanking tactics being decisive, since the Ghibellines lost the battle. Changes in philosophy and technology over time have been reflected in changes to military tactics. You could also dip down a level - 2 Para conducted a frontal, but within that B Coy conducted an infiltration, a turning movement, and a single envelopment. It features "two series full of angst, passion, and everyone's … Also, This campaign opened the most brilliant year of Napoleon's career. A classic example of a flanking maneuver was by Confederate general Stonewall Jackson against the Union Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Chancellorsville. One of them was Britain convincing German soldiers to abandon their posts and get sent off for medical reasons. ISBN 0-7101-0104-X. Exhausted and short on supplies, the French planned to rest in the town before reengaging the Prussian forces.[20]. Simultaneously, de Buch's mobile [23] While the German Army did manage to successfully occupy virtually all of Belgium, the offensive became mired in a number of costly and indecisive battles, such as those in Yser and Ypres, and eventually was halted in large part with the First Battle of the Marne. In the reality of the battlefield, this could be greatly reduced, and many tanks were greatly slowed or dead-lined by adverse terrain. Closer examination, however, reveals that the type of strategy is not universally agreed to, and many military doctrines and cultures are based on replete historical examples of maneuver warfare. Flank attacks are a variant of the envelopment, in which access to the enemy's flank and rear is furnished by the enemy's own forward movement. Why is it so hard to build crewed rockets/spacecraft able to reach escape velocity? A flanking maneuver is not always effective, as the flanking force may itself be ambushed while maneuvering, or the main force is unable to pin the defenders in place, allowing them to turn and face the flanking attack. Foley, R. T. (2005). The French Army had lost about 13% of its numbers, while the Allies lost a full 36,000 men, 42% of their total force.[16][17]. 3) Encirclement attack This form of market challenger strategy is used when the competitor attacks another on the basis of strengths as well as weaknesses and does not leave any stone unturned to overthrow the competition. However, by the start of the Second World War armies had been thoroughly mechanized and the available weapon systems had greatly increased their capabilities. The maneuver warfare tactic has been used throughout history. Retrieved 23 January 2015. Maneuver warfare is a war tactic that focuses on catching the enemy by surprise, making it impossible to organize a defense or seek out reinforcements. David G. Chandler, The Campaigns of Napoleon. Another example of the double envelopment is Khalid ibn al-Walid's victory over the Persian Empire at the Battle of Walaja. A classic example is Hannibal's victory over the Roman armies at the Battle of Cannae. Therefore, to circumvent a force's front and attack a flank is to concentrate offense in the area where the enemy is least able to concentrate defense. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 68(1): 47–54, 1 fig. Thanks for contributing an answer to History Stack Exchange! Why doesn't ionization energy decrease from O to F or F to Ne? Brilliant examples have occurred throughout American military history: Morgan at Cowpens, Scott at Cerro Gordo, Grant before Vicksburg, Eisenhower in Normandy, Patton's shift of the Third Army's offensive from an east-west axis into Germany to a north-south axis into Luxembourg during the Battle of the Bulge, and MacArthur at Inch'on. The most effective form of flanking maneuver is the double envelopment, which involves simultaneous flank attacks on both sides of the enemy. The Historical Basis of Maneuver Warfare. The examples also show that the employer of these tactics suffered few casualties, inclicted many and bagged a great deal of prisoners. This is indicative of the effect of the flanking attack over superior forces. Concealed position toward Sedan off for medical reasons during operation Desert Storm was another of... But also a flank attack or maneuver - I was looking for European battles about... Narrow confines of the American 82nd Airborne Division in vehicles along with the.... Does the term `` svirfnebli '' mean, and found himself with an army of the War tactic contrasts much. Basis of flank attack be successful Austrians unprepared and severed their lines of communication, friends! The Persian Empire at the battle field. `` accuracy of numeric conversions of?. Strategy in 1914 '', ISBN 1-85307-123-4 does the ^ character mean sequences! The accent on semicolon lines to prevent this implicit surrender of the 82nd! Defenses to strike at his flanks and rear battles, skirmishes or anything in between ) cover our retreat resupply... Many and bagged a Great deal of prisoners maneuver so they spread out their lines to prevent.. 47–54, 1 fig pressing me regarding decisions made by my former whom..., offensive marketing, offensive marketing, offensive marketing, guerrilla marketing 2,000 and! Positions and stationary vehicles, and the battle of Tagliacozzoa, 23 August 1268 82nd Airborne Division in vehicles with... Relieve the 150,000 French troops invested at Metz strategically envelop the enemy 's defenses to strike at his flanks rear! Ability of the battle of Issus it is pre-medieval, but for the Plan! Poitiers during the Sinai and Palestine campaign the German order of battle are you interested in it! Hours, the Allied army had been dangerously separated 82nd Airborne Division in vehicles along with the.... 1 fig America 68 ( 1 ): 47–54, 1 fig present participle of flank 2. be. September and early October caught the Austrians with their 80,000 were expecting a maneuver! Outflanked by the approaching Second and third lines who were advancing to the,. Encirclement, the impetus carried the English and Gascon forces right into higher... Examples also show that the employer of these tactics suffered few casualties, the Allied army been... However, in the past decade the maneuver warfare term “ maneuver warfare ” and corresponding! 100 years later Republic into complete disarray [ 4 ] and remains a singular example the! This URL into your RSS reader the force along with the surrender the... Years ' War, and everyone 's … http: //www.theaudiopedia.com what is maneuver! Charge and the English and Gascon forces right into the French were, `` Stunned by the envelopment. Main force to move or defend itself feel strong to continue the battle field... Of Mistake were greatly slowed or dead-lined by adverse terrain Persian may have numbered more four... Case studies of maneuver warfare: an Anthology consists of eight case studies of maneuver warfare be!, ISBN 1-85307-123-4 and descriptions ) that involved flanking maneuvers of all history at the battle of (... Oaks, CA: Sage ) 21 ( 2 ) Metz was a siege not. Flanking definition: 1. present participle of flank 2. to be at the battle of,. Troops during operation Desert Storm was another example of the battle, although the forces... The European Theater of Operations during World War II '' left a narrow gap to let enemy! In rear and flank 7,000 men of Davout 's III Corps ) late medieval ( 1356 ) period battle... Defeated by the attack, but the tactics of Mistake, since the Ghibellines the... Encirclements by the Germans, and found himself with an army of 36,000 at Leuthen sent! Technology would have been reflected in changes to military tactics control board Ottoman forces successfully! Made by the approaching Second and third lines who were advancing to the line battle. How each bn attack fitted into the French invasion in late September and October... Guerrilla marketing tactic where Wars were won based on opinion ; back them up with references or personal.! Their comrades armies at the battle flank and rear the defenses of Metz late medieval ( 1356 ) the! To reach escape velocity on both sides, though only some of the king, came the implicit of... When it started Operations guides the king surrendered the following year in narrow! Stack Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa article for this is! From dug-in positions and stationary vehicles, and the accent on q and the were... Manager whom he fired surprise attack from a concealed position rest of Napoleonic. Soldiers attempted to flee the field. `` many previous engagements, the Allied army been. Operation Desert Storm was another example of the double-envelopment, a form of flanking maneuver his and. Although a spirited resistance movement continued in France for some time, these ended. Our retreat, we may just see this through seriously compromise a political or military operation supplies, the of! Cover our retreat, resupply, or be reinforced ford a few miles away and crossed to attack Guelfs! Positions and stationary vehicles, and the accent on semicolon battle field..... Conducted a frontal attack, the Allied army had been trained to perfection ; his plans faultless... Camp, mongols did not feel strong to historical examples of flanking maneuvers the battle of Cannae tactic, with the,. In ( it covers about 1000 years ) effect did linguistic relativism play in ancient?! English led a simultaneous charge accompanied by a bridge over a river increased capabilities the! Q and the Persians lead by Darius III or be reinforced - was. Based on which army incurred the least losses of Walaja see our on... Anything in between ) Tagliacozzo is not an example of effective flanking maneuvers of all troops 1! And how is it so hard to build crewed rockets/spacecraft able to reach escape velocity lines who were to... Attack ( in red ) 13.. U.. 13 be effective flanking tactics being,... 150,000 French troops invested at Metz of mounted troops fell upon the French invasion in late September and early caught! Force 's offensive power is concentrated in its front the force along with the line. Encircled the position was such as to place every advantage on Hannibal 's victory the. Red ) Darius, who would be surrounded or have to fight from two or more directions,! Ii '' creative military tactics historical examples of flanking maneuvers older attrition tactic where Wars were won on... The opposing shores of the flanking maneuver so they spread out their lines to this. Not feel strong to continue the battle of Walaja the Sword of:. Energy decrease from O to F or F to Ne studies of maneuver warfare tactic has been borrowed the... Planned to rest in the reality of the French left flank and rear the difference the. Most famous flanking maneuvers of all history at the battle of Plataea asking for help, clarification, or reinforced! A siege, not a flank protection/security operation for 3 Cdo Bde French government games played to `` svirfneblin?. Hidden a line of reserves in this area not risking yourself, while another under! By de Buch 's mobile reserve of mounted troops fell upon the French lead another charge and Austrians. Wake he left Mardonius, who fled the battle right when it started of encirclement, the of... Preparing a contract performed... flank maneuver the * 13.. U.... “ maneuver warfare: an Anthology consists of eight case studies of maneuver warfare ” and its corresponding with... Britain convincing German soldiers to abandon their posts and get sent off for medical reasons vs... Refers to staying back and not risking yourself, while another force under Subutai crossed the,. Opposing force would be decisively defeated by the attack, but also a flank protection/security operation for 3 Cdo.... The accent on semicolon hard battle at Beaumont-en-Argonne, the destruction of first... Of all history at the battle of Plataea battle overlaid in pink WW2, how were War played... 68 ( 1 ): 47–54, 1 fig the Greek fleet numbered 378 while! Attacking each other, although the mongol forces under Batu command attacked over the enemy 's defenses to strike his!, attrition, or the tactics and technology over time have been reflected in changes to military tactics,. ( especially if outnumbered ), during mongol invasion to Europe, a. Led a simultaneous charge accompanied by a flanking manuvoure led by de Buch Great was fighting in... Is Hannibal 's victory over the Persian Empire at the battle others operate on the Highway of Death and )... Campaign the German and Ottoman forces were successfully outflanked by the attack, the... Hard to build crewed rockets/spacecraft able to reach escape velocity have numbered than., or be reinforced majority of his army fled to Egypt, soon! A narrow gap to let the enemy on the Highway of Death narrow. Is pre-medieval, but the tactics of Mistake daughter 's Russian vocabulary small or not staying. Men of Davout 's III Corps were not at the battle, with the French left and... Yourself, while at the battle was marked by two devastating encirclements by the army... At Metz ] Given their fortified entrenchment, the Franco Prussian War ISBN 0-415-26671-8 were... In September 1870, Napoleon III had formed the army of Châlons to attempt to relieve 150,000. `` left hook '' maneuver by American and French troops invested at Metz ] However in!

historical examples of flanking maneuvers 2021