It is not very difficult to understand how Mahabharata and Gita became important tools used in this counter-revolution. What's more, while violence and war is a common aspect in most of the Hindu mythology including Vedas, Gita is the only text that attempts to justify it to such a great extent. It is a religion readjusted to convince people who are under the influence of another philosophy. Thus, Bhagavad Gita gives several ideas to decide between right and wrong. Suppose some teachers use wrong reasoning to deny or decry life’s spiritual dimension, then their advice is wrong-headed. For the first time a complete computerized comparison of Srila Prabhuapda’s original 1972 Macmillan Bhagavad-gita As It Is and the current ISKCON “Revised and enlarged” edition is available. The arguments made in this respect are again based on what Gita itself claims. What is wrong with Bhagvad Gita? This pretty much makes it obvious that Gita had been written in the post-Buddhism era when violence was not seen as a moral act and needed enormous justification for it. This is a very interesting question. How actor Rajshree Deshpande has been changing lives of the less privileged, Government formally moves ahead to procure 21 MiG-29, 12 Sukhoi-30MKI jet fighters from Russia, Cross-border infiltration across Line of Control falls by 70 per cent in 2020 year-on-year, Himachal Pradesh: 103-year-old casts vote, becomes a role model for others, Kedarnath: IAF Chinook airlifts debris of IAF’s MI-17 helicopter, Watch IAF skydivers' record landing in 17,982 feet, International Day of the Girl child: Inspiring daughters who have made India proud, Karnataka: Trainers bid teary adieu to Kodagu’s crime buster dog Rambo, Air Force Day 2020: Flt. But given the mood in Tamil Nadu now, the AICTE recommendation may go unimplemented in Anna University. 3 Gavin Flood and Charles Martin, The Bhagavad Gita: A New Translation (W.W. Norton and Company, 2012) 18 “One disciplined by higher mind here casts off good and bad actions,” (Bhagavad Gita, 2:50). On the other hand, when Russia decided to ban the holy book on the premise of its justifications for violence, the saffron parties found support in the same left, liberal and secular voices pitching against the Russian controversy, making it a national issue in the Parliament over cultural pride. Develop the right perspective, Stay calm, Be fearless The violence of Dalit feminist standpoint and Dalit patriarchy, For the perfect progressive recipe, skip caste, sprinkle Dalit swadanusaar: Gaurav Somwanshi. If someone thinks he can not eat beef or that he is a vegetarian just because he is Hindu, then that person needs to revisit Vedas and Hindu mythology to find out how many mentions of the holy meals contain references to cow and horse meat. What they really do is to interpret them in order to highlight how everything in them is highly spiritual, how they contain high moral values, how they are equivalent and coherent with the theories of modern science and how they alone propose solutions that are good for individuals and society at large. From managing emotions to solving problems, here are ten life lessons and timeless principles your child can learn from the Bhagavad Gita. Hence the violence is merely of a physical nature and spiritually there was no violence at all. So, the between versus done. “When doubts haunt me, when disappointments stare me in the face, and I see not one ray of hope on the horizon, I turn to Bhagavad-Gita and find a verse to comfort me; and I immediately begin to smile in the midst of overwhelming sorrow. Lt. Sunita Dixit (Retd) reveals how IAF has transformed her, © Copyright 2021 Asianet News Media & Entertainment Private Limited | All Rights Reserved, Chennai, First Published Sep 25, 2019, 6:48 PM IST. It is a conversation between Arjuna and Krishna at the battlefield of Kurukshetra. tasya kartāram api māḿ viddhy akartāram avyayam ||”, "According to the three modes of material nature and the work associated with them, the four divisions of human society are created by Me. (18.37,38) This analysis can be used in many situations to decide. Translation of Bhagavad Gita 3.42. The meaning of Gita is “Song of God”. It is appproachable from the sanctified realms of all religions … The revolution initiated by Buddhism was not just a moral and spiritual awakening, but it was leaving a lasting effect on the social lives of people. Bhagavad Gita Changes — Complete List Changes — By Madhudvisa dasa on September 20, 2009 10:38 am . Bhagavad Gita is one of the study materials. [8] I object to this paragraph (and other portions of this article as well) on many grounds, one of them being that there is no reference for the "scholars" who "roughly date the Bhagvad Gita". It was a time when Vedic religion was under great threat of extinction with people losing faith in the dogmas of fire-worshiping, the mythology of violence and the caste dominated social structure that denied equality among people. The wisdom of the Gita isn’t only for the devout seeking to guarantee a place for themselves in heaven (which is actually what a … The reactions were typical and expected lines. It gives a philosophical justification against the most important teachings of Buddhism and Jainism, non-violence, at a time when for the first time in human history, the Emperor of a huge country had denounced violence under the influence of spiritual teachings. If someone thinks he can not eat beef or that he is a vegetarian just because he is Hindu, then that person needs to revisit Vedas and Hindu mythology to find out how many mentions of the holy meals contain references to cow and horse meat. This historical context puts the intentions of Gita under dire suspicion. It has undergone multiple versions. What you take away from each of the 700 verses is entirely up to you. As things stand now, Bhagavad Gita has not become part of the curriculum in Anna University as the usual suspects on social media platforms believe. It is no secret that Sankaracharya had to fight against Buddhist scholars and Kings in all aspects to revive the religion of Vedas. When the Karnataka Education minister decided to saffronize the education system by proposing Gita teachings to be made compulsory, the left, liberal and secular voices attacked the BJP for mixing secular education with religious propaganda. Because if Lord Krishna had convinced Duryodhana to stop evil doings of Kauravas, then the Mahabharata war which took many lives including those of Kauravas … But even there biblical studies are taught as electives in their public schools. Lord Krishna, in the Mahabharata (including the Bhagavad Gita), first advises that if someone cheats or unjustly treats or wrongs then first one should try to tolerate and try to rectify others wrong actions by making them understand the inappropriate nature of their actions and their subsequent results. How is it that Hinduism, which can hardly be considered as one faith, a homage to hundreds of contradicting spiritual theories, a collection of traditions and rituals that are so exclusively different for each community, caste and region, with a bunch of religious texts including Vedas, Shastras, Puranas, Smritis, each one declaring themselves undisputable, unquestionable and still exhibiting contradictions both within and among themselves, has revered Bhagvad Gita which is only one section of the epic Mahabharata which had a singular purpose of justifying war, to be the one book that is the essence of the entire religion? “If we don’t take pride in reading the Gita and shun it, the loss is entirely ours,” the professor added wryly. It is written in Sanskrit. The words "right" and "wrong" are very significant in this verse. Life lessons from the Bhagavad Gita for students are many. “India is a secular country, but its culture and traditions are undeniably Hindu and you can legitimately fall back on it. Revisiting Keezhvenmani after 50 years: The embers still smolder. Before we take a critical view of the Bhagvad Gita in this context, let us see what arguments the proponents have to offer in support of it. 4 Gavin Flood and Charles Martin, The Bhagavad Gita: A New Translation (W.W. Norton and Company, 2012) 20 After listening to all such arguments from the proponents, let us see if these are merely self-satisfying justifications or do they hold any real ground. But we do not find any such significant reference to Gita in any of the early Buddhist or Jain literature. Bhagavad Gita consists 18 Chapters and it has 700 verses. When bible study was sought to be included in school syllabus (as an elective) in public schools in some States in the US, many argued in favour of it since “the Bible is a 2,000-year-old document” and has historical significance on how the nation was formed. – Bhagavad Gita 5.29 This realisation of God being our best friend, and the inner peace that results from that understanding, comes through grace, and after considerable practice of Bhakti Yoga. I ask back,” said K  Ramakrishnan, another academician in Chennai. This discrimination resides in the intellect. Now while the whole purpose of Gita was to convince Arjuna that there was nothing wrong with war and the killing of siblings, Gita supporters do not agree that it is justifying violence. Even if it required murdering the last Mouryan King in the hands of Pushyamitra Shunga or burning Buddhist monks alive or rephrasing the scriptures and traditions of Brahmanic religion in such a way that they would be more acceptable to the people of that time. But even a single desperate cry from a distressed heart can give you a great start – an inner warmth which can be distinctly perceived. In terms of pure, spiritual knowledge the Bhagavad- Gita is incomparable. What was the need to suddenly justify violence if it was already present in the ancient scriptures without any remorse? So, we are going to do it soon after four rounds of Japa. In Vana Parva of Mahabharata where there are discourses at length about how the social order of Varna will be distorted in Kali Yuga, how Sudras will rise to the middle order of society, how the dogmas and rituals of religion, especially sacrifices, will become extinct, and how Kalki, the tiger among Brahmans, will correct all this mayhem, there is also a fear expressed that in places of temples of God there will be Stupas (the tomb like structure common in Buddhist temples) containing relics. For the first time, the protagonist in the story raises concerns over violence and the God himself justifies what he should do. Let’s come out of the mythological world and take a relook at Gita from a historical and more practical view. The Bhagavad Gita is written in 18 chapters consisting of 700 slokas. The arguments made in this respect are again based on what Gita itself claims. But this finding mention and that too a fearful mention of invasion of a new faith in Mahabharata certainly suggests that by the time these portions were written, Buddhism had already taken a place in Indian society and there was enormous fear among Brahmans about not being able to maintain their social status and religious powers which they had gained by means of dogmatic rituals like fire worshiping and sacrifices and establishing the social order of Caste: all of which  were endangered by the revolution brought in by Buddhism and Jainism. Nevertheless, Krishna further assures Arjuna that by killing his loved ones he is merely destroying their bodies and not their souls, that souls are immortal and by killing them physically he is only helping them to reunite with the ultimate soul of the universe, so he should not feel any regret for it. Evil in Bhagavad Gita At the beginning of the battle, Arjuna argues that he cannot fight with others as this amounts to injustice to the others. Read Exclusive COVID-19 Coronavirus News updates, at MyNation. “Why not? They don’t shy away from that fact. List Of 50 Bhagavad Gita Quotes On Karma, Life, And Death: #1 “The Gita is not a book of commandments but a book of choices.” #2 “When your mind has overcome the confusion of duality, you will attain the state of holy indifference to things you hear and things you have heard.” We are going to do Bhagavad Gita. The Gita is also said to be a part of the great epic, Mahabharata which is a compilation of 1,00,000 slokas. If anything, Bhagavad Gita does not even mention the word ‘Hindu’, and it refers to only ‘Sanatana Dharma’, which when loosely translated means: Eternal Religion. “Another game plan by the Hindutva brigade.”, “Why teach Bhagavad Gita to engineering students?”. The Bhagavad Gita does not prescribe one particular path or solution for life. For the first time, Caste was made irrelevant for religion. Bhagavad Gita is a 700 verse epic divided into 18 chapters. Hence Gita certainly does not justify violence! And from two point sixty, I guess, it's there on this page. This equality and revolution was not just theoretical in nature, one can find multiple instances within Buddhist literature where Buddha himself had intentionally appointed kings and Brahmans at ranks lower than or equal to some of their own servants, the lower castes, within the Sangha. Its intrinsic beauty is that its knowledge applies to all human beings and does not postulate any sectarian idealogy or secular view. Recent controversies, both local and international, have sparked a series of discussions and debates in media and social networks about the Hindu holy book Bhagvad Gita. Indians, Hindus to be precise feel that it is their highest scripture as it was delivered by an incarnation of God in a battlefield. If eastern philosophical study has no place for the Gita, then that course is useless,” said a professor at Anna University, who wished to remain anonymous. For the first time, a spiritual leader had preached equality among human beings without any clauses and conditions. Why should Bhagavad Gita not be part of the curriculum in Anna University, Tamil Nadu, for those choosing to study philosophy? If eastern philosophical study has no place for the Gita, then that course is useless,” said a professor at Anna University, who wished to remain anonymous. The course talks of understanding and western and eastern traditions. But when it is given expecting something in return, or for the sake of a future reward or a specific type of sentiment in return, the gift is of Rajas (impurity). It is amazing, and surprising to see all the changes so clearly pointed out. According to the Bhagavad Gita and the Ayurveda, India’s classic medical science, foods are grouped into three categories – sattvic, rajasic and tamasic – foods in the modes of goodness, passion and ignorance. The first question appears, when was Gita really written? Why should we live in denial of the Hindu lineage of this land?”. Great Acharyas like Shankaracharya, Ramanujacharya, Madhwacharya, Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and great reformers and saints like Swami Vivekananda, Paramahamsa Yogananda, Srila Prabhupada have praised the divine Bhagavad Gita. Historically, it is no secret that Mahabharata as it exists today was not the same epic since forever. So, today's Bhagavad Gita is starting at the tenth minute, okay? Bhagavad Gita is accepted as the essence of all Vedas. America is a secular country too. The working senses are superior to dull matter; mind is higher than the senses; intelligence is still higher than the mind; and he [the soul] is even higher than the intelligence. See from Bhagavad Gita one point one two chapter two verse three. Taking cues from the discussions in media and social networks let me first make an attempt to justify the Gita as per its proponents’ views against the common criticism it faces. But they do so … Commentary: Having described the position of those who worship the Supreme Lord, Shree Krishna now explains the situation of those who worship the lower gods for … Apparently, it is only a recommendation from All India Council or Technical Education, and as such Anna University has not decided on the matter. Good actions will lead to higher Varna, bad actions will lead to lower Varna. They do not even try to highlight the differences between these texts. So how is it that the book that is entitled to one faith is also accepted as the core of cultural values of the entire nation? Christianity is part of their culture. According to Hindu scriptures, originally the whole world was of one Varna but it is the distinction in duties that has divided society into four Varnas. Bhagavad Gita is less a Hindu religious book but more an eloquent document on dealing with existential crisis in life. Now while the whole purpose of Gita was to convince Arjuna that there was nothing wrong with war and the killing of siblings, Gita supporters do not agree that it is justifying violence. BG 9.23: O son of Kunti, even those devotees who faithfully worship other gods also worship Me. To become a high ranked official, one has to be educated enough. BG 3.38: Just as a fire is covered by smoke, a mirror is masked by dust, and an embryo is concealed by the womb, … Commentary: Knowledge of what is right and what is wrong is called discrimination. If we consider Gita to be of such a great importance in the Vedic/Hindu religion, philosophy and Indian culture, considering the spiritual awakening and revolution that started with Buddhism and Jainism, just like Vedas have been mentioned by Buddha, Gita too should have found some serious consideration in the literature present at that time. Bhagavad Gita is one of the study materials. Because if Lord Krishna had told Bhagavad Gita to Duryodhana instead of Arjuna, then the Mahabharata war in Kurukshetra could be avoided.. Answer to this question is actually very shocking! Should the proponents of public (government) schools celebrate Global Teacher Prize 2020 to Mr. Ranjitsinh Disale? The Lord is simply asking not to have materialistic goals in the mind but only spiritual goals such as moksha and the wish to be in the company of Krishna. Hence it is clear that there is nothing spiritual about the caste system and it is based on Karma. Bhagavad Gita does not strictly fall in the realm of good and bad. “It is a fact that many Hindus take Gita to be their ‘holy book’, but quite unlike in other religions, Hinduism does not have one prescribed text. If it were so, then it would not be a conversation between Krishna and Arjuna. It is not possible to imagine that Mahabharata, Gita and Manusmriti could have been completely framed before the time of Buddha; and in whatever form they might have been at the time of Buddha, they certainly could not have any spiritual importance, unlike Vedas. We however find references to Buddhist and Jain artifacts in not only Mahabharata but also in Manusmriti. With the rise of the Mouryan Empire and spread of Buddhism, it was not just the Vedic religion, traditions and myths that had started losing relevance, it was the whole social structure and the monopoly of Brahmans over religion and people that was losing relevance. Will change in names of caste-based localities change their realities? The Bhagavad Gita As It Is the largest selling edition of Gita in the Western world and translated in over 76 languages. During the battle when Arjuna was in a dilemma whether to fight his own relatives and was wondering as to what is right and what is wrong, he started asking questions to … So what is wrong? Right work is work done in terms of the prescribed directions in the scriptures, and wrong work is work done against the principles of the scriptural injunctions. It is no secret that Sankaracharya had to fight against Buddhist scholars and Kings in all aspects to revive the religion of Vedas. Both the opponents and proponents of Gita would make a point on Caste in the Gita based on this verse: “chātur-varṇyaḿ mayā sṛṣṭaḿ guṇa-karma-vibhāgaśaḥ |, tasya kartāram api māḿ viddhy akartāram avyayam ||” "According to the three modes of material nature and the work associated with them, the four divisions of human society are created by Me. Where all the religions end, spirituality begins. A person attains his Varna based on his innate qualities and past deeds. Since the war was not merely between two rulers over an issue of an empire, and since it was a war between evil and good, and a war for regaining the rights of noble men, Pandavas, it was not only inevitable but also a very spiritual one. He contends that the men standing to fight have families and children and it is wrong for him to kill these men. One has to work hard for attaining supremacy in society. On the other side, the critics of these texts see only two things common among them, entwined among the number of contradictory theories, Violence and Caste. Written by The proponents of Hinduism do not criticize one book in favor of the other. And although I am the creator of this system, you should know that I am yet the non-doer, being unchangeable.". “If you have chosen to study philosophy, you have to but read the Gita. And more than the one religion, why is it now being showcased as the essence of the entire Indian culture? And although I am the creator of this system, you should know that I am yet the non-doer, being unchangeable.". The Bhagavad Gita on Gift Giving Krishna : “A gift is pure when it is given from the heart to the right person at the right time and at the right place, and when we expect nothing in return. Rahul Bhalerao is an MBA from IIM Kozhikode, currently working as a Consultant with MindTree Ltd., and is associated with the FOSS Movement. “The criticism against Bhagavad Gita comes from an insecure place. Plato’s The Republic, Francis Bacon’s Power as Knowledge, among others have also been included. What is wrong in eating Onions and Garlic? It is the sine qua non for understanding philosophy without the trappings of religion,” she added. This system is present everywhere in the world. Mahabharata was written for nearly 800–1000 years to … (Part III), What is wrong with Bhagvad Gita? Gita is a conversation between Arjuna and Krishna at the battlefield of Kurukshetra. The Bhagavad-Gita is known as one of the most fundamental texts that form the basis of Hinduism, which has become one of the world's great religions. The Bhagavad Gita (/ ˌ b ʌ ɡ ə v ə d ˈ ɡ iː t ɑː,-t ə /; Sanskrit: भगवद् गीता, IAST: bhagavad-gītā /b ɦ ɐɡɐʋɐd ɡiːtäː/, lit. But on closer inquiry, it emerged that Anna University has not exactly initiated Bhagavad Gita and Yoga as part of the curriculum. It is really a merit-based system for the overall good of  society. 00:23:47 - In this episode, we will discuss:What is Bhagavad Gita? The Bhagavad Gita goes in length to talk about the broad philosophical concepts such as Dharma, Karma, Bhakthi , Yoga ans so forth. Building Stupas that contain relics of Buddha is a common practice in Buddhism. This kind of disregard for Buddhist and Jain monks is also found in Manusmriti where it lays down a rule that forbids giving any food or donations to those monks. However, lust is such a formidable … Also, it is not just Bhagavad Gita, which is part of suggested reading for the Anna University course. Who is Krishna? What is prohibited they engage in and what is ordained they abstain from. Though the Bhagavad Gita, as a smrti, has no independent authority from the Upanishads (sruti), the Gita is in many respects unalike to the Upanishads in format and content. Thus ends commentaries of chapter 18, verse 31 of the Srimad Bhagavad-Gita. The events that led to this war are described in the Mahabharata, a 200 thousand verses long epic by sage Vyasa. (Part II). Broadly there are three phases that it took to gain its most recent form, starting from the short story ‘Jaya’ about the fight between brothers, then an elaborate form of ‘Bharata’ and finally a huge epic about a holy war,  ‘Mahabharata’. But the real topic that should be debated is why should Bhagavad Gita not be part of the curriculum for those choosing to study philosophy. But why think of introducing Bhagavad Gita given its religious background is what the critics ask. “ekavarṇama idama pūrvaṃ viśvama āsida yudhiśthira |, karmakriyāviśesena caturvarṇyama pratiśthitama||”, “So, Even the distinction between castes is artificial – and karma determines what profession you’ll belong.”. Even if it required murdering the last Mouryan King in the hands of Pushyamitra Shunga or burning Buddhist monks alive or rephrasing the scriptures and traditions of Brahmanic religion in such a way that they would be more acceptable to the people of that time. (Bhagavad Gita 2.50) It will also be wrong to say that the Lord is saying not to set up any goal at all. Performing action at the wrong time, in the wrong place, in the wrong way.

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